Artist-in-Residence Blog: Harvard Hill

October 30, 2014. In Mount Auburn Cemetery, at the plot known as Harvard Hill, just after sunrise on a windy day, the autumn leaves rush and weave among the monuments, float gently down to the ground, and collect atop the gravestones. This is one of the cemetery's higher elevations. I've brought my digital cinema setup here to capture the spirit of an event that took place almost 155 years ago.

December 1st, 1859. A rainy day. A promising young man -- a medical school student -- is laid to rest in a grave on the very edge of the Hill, far away from the future cluster of white marble spires to classmates who will live natural lifespans. These days, the brown, crumbling headstone is mostly unreadable on one side.  Luckily, in a book published in 1881, Moses King provides us with the original wording:

EDWARD THOMAS DAMON,

A GRADUATE OF THE

CLASS OF 1857.

 

BORN 19 April 1835

DIED 30 Nov 1859

AGED 24 Years.

Oh, but there is much more to this story. A dread disease. Poorer people suffer the most. Hospitals overwhelmed. Cries for quarantine. Public panic. A young person cut down in the prime of life. A refusal by some to touch the body.

Ebola, West Africa, 2014? No. Smallpox. Boston, 1859.

According to the 1861 edition of The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, volumes 64-65,  “The Epidemic of Smallpox, 1859-1860”,  “...in the twenty-two years from 1839-1861, smallpox has caused fourteen-hundred and ninety-one deaths, and has been epidemic four times. The last epidemic began in January, 1859.” Damon dies on November 30th of that year. Wayland, his home town, refuses interment in their soil. He is buried at Mount Auburn the very next day.

One of Damon’s friends remembers that burial. FromReport of the Class of 1857 in Harvard College; prepared for the twenty-fifth anniversary of its graduation" published in 1881:

"Thursday morning (December 1) was appointed for the burial of our friend. As a few of his friends gathered at the chapel at Mount Auburn, one could not but imagine the drifting clouds and falling rain were sent in unison with the sadness of the day to them. His father, mother, sisters, and other relatives and friends from Wayland were present; Rev. Dr. Huntington, Drs. J. and M. Wyman, Dr. Nichols, nearly all of his associates in the Medical Class here, and, of our own Class, Bullard, Clark, French, Morse, and Smith. Dr. Huntington's service was short and simple: a few selections from the 'Book of Life' and a touching prayer, — touching to all of us, I think; for all present were either attached to or well acquainted with the dead.”

While researching this piece, I come upon historical photographs of smallpox victims. Profound disfigurement precedes a painful death. The images are, even now, hard to behold. One can see why it was truly a dread disease. According to one contemporary journalist, even the gravediggers refuse to fill in Mr. Damon's grave. His classmates throw dirt upon the casket.

On this day, with my hi-tech cameras and digital audio recorders, working alone in the bright sunrise of crisp New England Fall, I think about the victims of Smallpox. And Leprosy. And AIDS. And Ebola. And all the plagues and scourges from antiquity to modern times. They are as much social catastrophes as medical occurrences. According to news reports, one of the most agonizing aspects of today's West African Ebola epidemic is the fact that victims and their loved ones, in the last days, are denied the comfort of caresses. Hasn’t this always been the case, everywhere in the world? But in the end, death provides surcease from even the most horrific trials. And those who survive go on with their lives. Some are lucky enough to build memorials to their dead.

Damon’s classmates thought he contracted the disease in November, 1859, while tending patients at the smallpox quarantine hospital on Rainsford Island, in Boston Harbor.

November 20, 2014. I cannot find an affordable charter boat to land me on this long abandoned drumlin, so I do the next best thing - I film it at sunset from a passing ferry. On the cold, windy deck, I set my camera to catch the treetops, the shoreline and the setting sun, and imagine the hundreds, perhaps thousands of Bostonians sent to this isolated rock to die in agony and never return home. And the brave doctors, nurses and medical students who crossed these frigid waters to tend their contagious smallpox victims. 

From "The Mount Auburn Memorial" Dec. 1859

“Stricken while in almost perfect health and manly strength, by a disease which, in his family, has almost always proved fatal, and which brings terror and dismay in its train, he was attended by his classmates of the Medical School, with a devotion, more worthy of the name of heroism, than what we read of in battles, or that fills the pages of history, and which does them honor as gentlemen, and proves them worthy of the high profession, into which, if their lives are spared, they will soon enter.”

My thoughts drift to the unsung, knowingly unprotected West African nurses and doctors who face certain death to tend their patients. And to our brave doctors, nurses and medical students from Boston who travel halfway around the world and expose themselves to help rout this latest plague.

December 1, 1859. At Damon’s burial, a natural phenomenon is seen. It is taken as a sign from the heavens. The graveside eyewitness account continues:

“As the preacher ceased, and raised his head to pronounce a benediction on the living, the sun broke from the clouds and illumined the face of the speaker; giving him an expression of tranquillity, which we may make into an omen, that, after the tears and the sorrow, there shall be found peace and an unspeakable joy.”

December 1st, 2014. This morning, after researching Damon's life and times for two months, I’ve returned to his grave, on the 155th anniversary of his burial. As I take motion and still images, my only companion is a massive Great Horned Owl. I’ve never seen one in real life before, and take a photo. I motion to a passing Birder and point up in the tree that overlooks Damon’s grave. He smiles in delight and snaps several images of the owl. For a moment, I’m sorry I brought it to his attention. I feel like the owl and I were sharing this commemoration, and I just invited a stranger to the party.

What does Edward Damon's headstone say on the reverse side? It is still legible today. We should all be so lucky in the end.

TO THE MEMORY

OF

EDWARD THOMAS DAMON

THIS MONUMENT IS ERECTED

BY HIS CLASSMATES AND FRIENDS.

Many thanks to Pauline DiCesare for bringing Mr. Damon to my attention.

--------------

Roberto

Posted
AuthorRoberto Mighty

Cambridge, MA

I dislike having other people around when I’m filming, photographing or recording sound in the cemetery. Somehow, having anyone else nearby puts a cork in my bottle of creativity. Against my better judgement, I agree to invite a guest along, saying I’ll text at 4:30am if I feel the cloud cover looks promising for cinematography. I hope this will be a deterrent.

“Promising for cinematography” is a complex condition. It has to do with the clouds being scattered, dark and grey on the bottom; yet light and fluffy on the top, so that the rising sun rays slant horizontally in shafts, selectively bathing specific spots while leaving other areas mysteriously dark; while a light wind whips the fog around close to the water, as in the 19th century Hudson River School paintings of J.M.W. Turner and Frederic Edwin Church. Their work has a spiritual dimension, and I hope mine does too.

The clouds frame the cemetery’s 180-year old monuments against the sky, and the lack of blazing sun encourages flying insects. This winged buffet leads to birds filling the skies and fish coming close to the surface of lakes and ponds. This draws fishing birds down to the water, where I can quickly find a focal point. Clouds, fog, birds, bugs and fish: A cinematographer’s nirvana. Just me, nature, and 98,000 graves. 

Except my guest was undeterred, meeting me at the cemetery gate at 5am. Darnit.  Putting on my friendly face, I open the locked gate and we enter. I lock it behind us.

Lately I’ve been focusing on the many graves of children in the cemetery. Judging by the numbers of tiny plots, children in 19th century Boston/Cambridge perished early and often. One small monument is particularly haunting: a child clutching a book. I’ve been photographing and filming it off and on for a couple of weeks. It's not lost on me that children are dying early and often all over the world, even now. My guest and I talk about our children. Oh God.

My guest asks excellent questions and displays interest and patience as I do my thing - basically, driving or walking around, looking in all directions at once, and occasionally planting my tripod down to squeeze off thirty to sixty seconds. I'm looking for what I call "moments". Magical specks of time when the visual and aural tableau gyrating all around us comes together: sun, clouds, wind, sky, earth, monuments, trees, fog, birds, squirrels, rabbits, chipmunks, wild turkeys, insects, distant auto traffic, airplanes and bullfrogs.

I glance nervously at the time, feeling like I’m getting not much accomplished, knowing that more people will soon arrive, destroying what’s left of my semi-private enjoyment.

Then, my guest suddenly whispers - “hey, look at that bird down there on the lake!”  I turn my head and there it is. A gift from Mother Nature. Suddenly a short film piece comes together in my mind's eye. I stealthily plant my tripod. And I’m really, really glad I had the foresight to invite this guest along. - Roberto

The Book, a 2-minute film and multimedia installation element by Roberto Mighty, MFA, Artist-in-Residence, Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts. © 2014. Filmed on location at and made possible by Mount Auburn Cemetery, July, 2014

Roberto Mighty, MFA

• getting.older. Multimedia Installation 2015

• Truro Center for the Arts Gallery at Castle Hill 2014

• Artist-in-Residence, Mount Auburn Cemetery 2014-2015

• Trees of My City, Scandinavian Cultural Center 2013

• National Science Foundation Screening 2013

• Harvard Fisher Museum, Multimedia Installation 2013

• Artist-in-Residence, Harvard Forest 2011-2012

• MacBeth, Actors Shakespeare Company 2012

• Zalmen Or The Madness of God, The Lab at Harvard 2012

• Lesley University Gallery, Multimedia Installation 2011

• Trees of My City, Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University 2011

• Online Gallery: http://roberto-mighty-rjj1.squarespace.com

Roberto Mighty is a filmmaker, new media artist, fine art photographer, educator and musician who uses storytelling, art and interactive technology in his work. He is Artist-in-Residence at Mount Auburn Cemetery, Adjunct Professor at Emerson College's Department of Visual and Media Arts, an Instructor at Boston University's College of Communication, and an instructor at American Graphics Institute.

Posted
AuthorRoberto Mighty